Sketchy - Featureless and therefore difficult and hard-to-protect rock.

Slack - Extra rope.

Slings - A sling of nylon or Spectra/nylon, webbing or cord. Usually carried over one's shoulder - single, doubled or tripled, depending on the length of the sling.

Sloper - A hold which is sloping, not incut.

Smearing - Technique in which the climber gains purchase on the rock using friction from the sole of the shoe.

Spanish Penguin Rest - Coined in Spain, 2013. Where the climber stands on a shallow ledge pressed against the wall, but is in a position to shake-out his/her hands by flapping them by their side.

Sport climbing - Climbing routes on which pre-placed bolts are used for protection.

Spot - To protect a climber by preparing to prevent their head from hitting the ground if they were to fall.

Static Rope - A kernmantle rope with no elasticity, e.g. a haul line.

Take - To hold the climber tightly with the rope.

Toe Hooking - The same type of manoeuvre as a heel hook, only executed with the toe.

Top rope - Any situation in which the belay is above the climber.

Traditional climbing - Climbing routes on which removable gear is placed for protection by the leader as he/she ascends. The second removes the gear.

Webbing - Flat profile nylon.

Whipper - A long lead fall in which the leader is jerked about on the end of the rope.

Wire - See nut

Y.D.S. - Yosemite Decimal System for rating climb difficulty (ranging from 5.0 to 5.14).

Z-Clip - Clipping the highest point of protection with a section of rope pulled up from below the last piece you clipped. This a dangerous practice, and should be avoided.

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